Boils: Facts About Treatments, Home Remedies & Causes(2018)

Boils: Facts About Treatments, Home Remedies, And Causes

What Are the Boils or Abscess?

Abscesses are body cavities that accumulate pus and inflame the tissue around as a result of an infection. These infections occur due to the presence of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and some other foreign element that enters into the body. They are usually superficial (subcutaneous) but they can occur on internal tissues of the body.

The size and the number of liquids that accumulate in an abscess depend on how big the infection is: the more microorganisms attack the body in that area, the greater the number of leukocytes that comes to combat, and that produce as much dead particles.

In the case of subcutaneous abscesses, they usually begin as a rosette, a simple reddening of the skin. However, due to the infection produced by bacteria, it quickly fills with pus and fluids. After this, the lump begins to grow, until it finally breaks and begins to drain the liquids.

Types of Boils

The boils don’t have a specific place of appearance, they simply appear where the infection takes place. However, the most common places are the armpits, the breast, the groin and the gums. These are the main types of abscesses:

  • Abdominal
  • Cerebral
  • Epidural
  • Hepatic (liver)
  • Bartholin (vagina)
  • Rectal
  • Pulmonary
  • Cutaneous
  • Subcutaneous
  • Peritonsillar
  • Pilonidal
  • Spinal cord
  • Perianal
  • Lumbosacral


In the case of superficial or subcutaneous abscesses the symptom cycle usually is as follows:

  1. The appearance of a painful pea-sized red bump
  2. The skin becomes red and swollen
  3. An increase of the temperature in the zone, as a product of the infection (local fever)
  4. The growth of the bump in a few days while filling with pus (the small pea can increase in size until simulating a golf ball)
  5. The appearance of a white or yellowish tip
  6. Breaking the pouch and draining the pus

As the pus leaves our organisms the patient begins to feel better. While it’s draining, the inflammation decreases, as well as the pain. The temperature of the zone also begins normalizing. After the pus comes out completely, the problem usually ends. If the protuberance and/or opening were very large, there may be a small scar left.

Like all body infections, the boils cause other symptoms such as fever, chills, sweating and general malaise. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine,